Image of the father and model the relationships in the poetry of Taras Shevchenko


O.O. Cherkas

O.V. Shaf

Анотація


In the article with psychoanalytic and gender positions the content and functional specific of the father’s image according to the author’s consciousness in the Taras Shevchenko’s poems is looked. The family’s image is wide spread in his poetry. The father’s image there is seldom in it, but it is impotent for the investigation the psychological factors of the author’s style.

Though the mother’s role is more impotent in the family’s life pictured in the Taras Shevchenko’s poems, the father fights the family’s honor, is the chief in the family. Without father the family’s life is often destroyed. In the Taras Shevchenko’s poems both the father and mother are pictured ambivalently as carrier and danger. In many poems by Taras Shevchenko the image of the amoral and angry father is presented as a factor of the destroying of the patriarchic world. Contrastly the his daughter’ image is pictured according to the archetype of Great Mother, but it can not be in the center of the patriarchic world. As a result the family’s life extrapolated on the whole world receives the apocalyptical features in the Taras Shevchenko’s poems.

According to the father’s image the same-sense motives of the incest and child killing by the father there is in the Taras Shevchenko’s poems. They connect with the sphere of the evil, wide spread in his poetry. Only in the poem “Gaydamaky” the function of the father’s image is the punishing for the “betrayal” his suns-catholics.

Key words: the poetry by Taras Shevchenko, the father’s image, the Oedipus complex, the author’s consciousness.

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